Lauwe a German village on the Volga river
Lauwe / Laube, Samara, Volga, Russia
Map 6, Quadrant D-4, 51 04 N 46 01 E
Lauwe, Russian name Jablonovka, on the East or Wiesenseite of the Volga River, was founded in 1767 by German colonists. The colonists answered to the call of recruiters who traveled throughout Germany, enlisting able farmers and craftsman to come to Russia, touting the Second Manifesto of Catherine the Great:
- Free transportation and money to supplement them on the trip.
- Freedom to settle wherever they wanted.
- Freedom to practice their trade.
- Freedom from taxes for 30 years
- Interest free loans for 10 years.
- Freedom to practice their Religion.
- Freedom from Military service, forever.
- Freedom to return to their homelands, whenever they wanted, but at their own expense.
The citizens were Lutheran by faith and farmers by occupation but possessed other skills such as blacksmithing, tailoring, bootmaking and others, which enabled them to survive the harsh climate. The farmlands were located at some distances from the village and sometimes in separate locations requiring the males to often spend the weekdays away from the village but they always returned on Sunday for church services. As was the custom in all the German villages along the Volga, the farm lands were portioned out to the males only, so those families with a lot of male offspring were land "wealthy" and those with female offspring had a much harder time. This was offset by the periodic reapportioning of land among the sons. Thus the amount of land per farmer became smaller with each succeeding generation.
The village grew and prospered until political unrest and revocation of the rights and privileges granted by Catherine's second Manifesto caused the colonists to seek religious and political freedom elsewhere. Many families emigrated to the USA, Canada and South America in the late 1800s and early 1900s, as can be seen by population statistics decline. The seizure of power by the Bolsheviks in 1917 eventually led to the establishment of Communism and the death and relocation of the majority if not all of the German citizens. The village itself still exists today, unlike many along the Volga which were destroyed, but few if any descendants of the original colonists live there.
Who were the original settlers of Lauwe?
Babiere, Baude, Bauer, Baute, Benekenstein, Benz, Biegert, Bitter, Boos, Botanye, Busch
Dernier, Drexler, Eckart, Ening, Essig, Fuchs, Förster, Gering, Göringer, Gerlach, Gorkh
Grasmück, Greifenstein, Grol, Grossman, Gubart, Gohring, Haupt, Heid, Heil, Heimbuch
Heit, Henning, Kenning, Horch, Hubert, Jäkel, Keck, Keil, Kermer, Kerner, Kleim, Kletter
Kreiter, Krempel, Krotter, Kunkel, Kühn, Körner, Lampel, Laub, Lauber, Lehman, Maiwald
Markus, Martin, Marx, Mauck, Meisner, Holkof, Morasch, Müller, Nikolaus, Pents, Preis
Prinz, Rein, Rotenhauer, Rotenheiser, Rothgang, ScheiI, Schleicher, Schleiger, Schleiger,
Schlichting, Schmidt, Schreier, Schrefer, Schräder, Schulep, Schutz, Sitzenstock, Steinmeier
Stieglitz, Tresch, Triol, Ute, Vogt, Wagner, Weigand, Weiss, Werner, Winter, Witt
The Censuses of Lauwe
There are Russian government censuses available for the years 1798, 1816, 1834, 1850 and 1859. These are available from Brent Mai at the Center for Volga German Studies .
A pdf file of the heads of household in Lauwe from the 1850 census may be downloaded by clicking here.
I dedicate this website to my predecessor Village Coordinator, friend, cousin, and mentor, Bernice Madden
Die Lauwe Lampe Was a newsletter published by Bernice. Issues 1-9 are presented with this link. These were the only issues published.
Related Web Pages
1. German Russian Heritage Society an organization dedicated to the preservation of the culture and history of the German-Russian people. (emphasis on the Black Sea region)
2. American Historical Society of Germans from Russia an organization dedicated to the preservation of the culture and history of the German-Russian people. (emphasis on the Volga region)
3. Center for Volga German Studies An organization to support research into and preservation of the heritage, history, traditions, and accomplishments of the Volga Germans.
4. Germans from Russia Heritage Collection NDSU-sponsored site has many German-Russian Publications for sale.
5. Odessa Library A digital, searchable library of various German-Russian facts.
6. An excellent source for information on the Volga German colonies.
For more information--references
Karl Stumpp, The Emigration from Germany to Russia in the Years 1763 to 1862, American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, Lincoln, NE, 1993.
Adam Geisinger, From Catherine to Khruschchev American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, Lincoln, NE, 1974.
Gottlieb Beratz, The German Colonies on the Lower Volga, American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, Lincoln, NE, 1991.
Need more information? Contact the Village Coordinator for Lauwe: Ray Heinle at email@example.com
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