Germans from Russia Heritage Society


Ray Heinle Korner




Lauwe a German village on the Volga river

Lauwe / Laube, Samara, Volga, Russia
Map 6, Quadrant D-4, 51 04 N 46 01 E

Lauwe, Russian name Jablonovka, on the East or Wiesenseite of the Volga River, was founded in 1767 by German colonists.  The colonists answered to the call of recruiters who traveled throughout Germany, enlisting able farmers and craftsman to come to Russia, touting the Second Manifesto of Catherine the Great:   map

The colonists had a rough life in the beginning.  The government was not prepared to receive the colonists and they had to live in make-shift quarters for several years.  The Russian government, although well-intentioned, implemented the manifesto using meddlesome bureaucrats who frequently interfered in the affairs of the colonists as well as restricting their freedoms .

The citizens were Lutheran by faith and farmers by occupation but possessed other skills such as blacksmithing, tailoring, bootmaking and others, which enabled them to survive the harsh climate.  The farmlands were located at some distances from the village and sometimes in separate locations requiring the males to often spend the weekdays away from the village but they always returned on Sunday for church services.  As was the custom in all the German villages along the Volga, the farm lands were portioned out to the males only, so those families with a lot of male offspring were land "wealthy" and those with female offspring had a much harder time.  This was offset by the periodic reapportioning of land among the sons.  Thus the amount of land per farmer became smaller with each succeeding generation.

The village grew and prospered until political unrest and revocation of the rights and privileges granted by Catherine's second Manifesto caused the colonists to seek religious and political freedom elsewhere.  Many families emigrated to the USA, Canada and South America in the late 1800s and early 1900s, as can be seen by population statistics decline.  The seizure of power by the Bolsheviks in 1917 eventually led to the establishment of Communism and the death and relocation of the majority if not all of the German citizens.  The village itself still exists today, unlike many along the Volga which were destroyed, but few if any descendants of the original colonists live there.

Description of the Lauwe village in 1798

Lauwe circa 1930

Who were the original settlers of Lauwe?

Babiere, Baude, Bauer, Baute, Benekenstein, Benz, Biegert, Bitter, Boos, Botanye, Busch

Dernier, Drexler, Eckart, Ening, Essig, Fuchs, Förster, Gering, Göringer, Gerlach, Gorkh

Grasmück, Greifenstein, Grol, Grossman, Gubart, Gohring, Haupt, Heid, Heil, Heimbuch

Heit, Henning, Kenning, Horch, Hubert, Jäkel, Keck, Keil, Kermer, Kerner, Kleim, Kletter

Kreiter, Krempel, Krotter, Kunkel, Kühn, Körner, Lampel, Laub, Lauber, Lehman, Maiwald

Markus, Martin, Marx, Mauck, Meisner, Holkof, Morasch, Müller, Nikolaus, Pents, Preis

Prinz, Rein, Rotenhauer, Rotenheiser, Rothgang, ScheiI, Schleicher, Schleiger, Schleiger,

Schlichting, Schmidt, Schreier, Schrefer, Schräder, Schulep, Schutz, Sitzenstock, Steinmeier

Stieglitz, Tresch, Triol, Ute, Vogt, Wagner, Weigand, Weiss, Werner, Winter, Witt

The Censuses of Lauwe

There are Russian government censuses available for the years 1798, 1816, 1834, 1850 and 1859.  These are available from Brent Mai at the Center for Volga German Studies

A pdf file of the heads of household in Lauwe from the 1850 census may be downloaded by clicking here.


I dedicate this website to my predecessor Village Coordinator, friend, cousin, and mentor, Bernice Madden

Die Lauwe Lampe  Was a newsletter published by Bernice.  Issues 1-9 are presented with this link.  These were the only issues published.

Related Web Pages

1.  German Russian Heritage Society an organization dedicated to the preservation of the culture and history of the German-Russian people. (emphasis on the Black Sea  region)

2.  American Historical Society of Germans from Russia  an organization dedicated to the preservation of the culture and history of the German-Russian people. (emphasis on the Volga region)

3. Center for Volga German Studies  An organization to support research into and preservation of the heritage, history, traditions, and accomplishments of the Volga Germans.

4.  Germans from Russia Heritage Collection  NDSU-sponsored site has many German-Russian Publications for sale.

5.  Odessa Library  A digital, searchable library of various German-Russian facts.

6.  An excellent source for information on the Volga German colonies.

For more information--references

Karl Stumpp, The Emigration from Germany to Russia in the Years 1763 to 1862, American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, Lincoln, NE, 1993.

Adam Geisinger,  From Catherine to Khruschchev  American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, Lincoln, NE, 1974.

Gottlieb Beratz, The German Colonies on the Lower Volga, American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, Lincoln, NE, 1991.

Wikipedia article

Need more information? Contact the Village Coordinator for Lauwe: Ray Heinle at

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