Germans From RussiaTEPLITZ & MORE, 1993

Herb Poppke

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the header with copyright notice is included. However, it may not be
republished in any form without permission of the copyright owner.

Copyright* 2002, Roger W. Ehrich, 1407 Locust Avenue, Blacksburg,
VA 24060, ehrich@vt.edu

* This compilation and the enhanced images were prepared by Roger W. Ehrich at the suggestion of Rachel Schmidt of GRHS and Dale Wahl. This work is copyrighted by Roger Ehrich; however, the images and annotations themselves are the work of, and have been placed in the public domain by Herb Poppke so that they may be freely used with proper attribution. The negatives and double resolution raw image scans are in the possession of the Germans from Russia Heritage Society, Bismarck ND. -re

Herb Poppke
3015 NW Market Street #B117
Seattle, WA 98107-4272
(206) 789-0871
In the fall of 1993 I made a 32-day "solo" trip to the Ukraine. I traveled with a car, driver, and translator. The trip was arranged by the MIR Corp. in Seattle, WA. My Ukrainian headquarters were Kiew and Odessa. I did some scouting around in Kiew and Odessa, but my major activity was in Germanic settlement areas. I compiled a FOTO-ALBUM for each of these areas:

GLÜCKSTAL Foto Album, 1993 (NW of Odessa)
SHITOMIR Foto Album, 1993 (Volhynia)
TEPLITZ Foto Album, 1993 (Bessarabia)
GROSSLIEBENTAL Foto Album, 1993 (Odessa area)

Since copyrights and resolution make it impractical to include most of the maps in the online albums, I have produced 4 SUPPLEMENTS. These contain the maps and other items omitted from the online versions. I have made 3 copies of each of the SUPPLEMENTS. They are located at:

GRHS, Bismarck - (701) 223-6167
Herb Poppke, Seattle - (206) 789-0871
David Poppke, Bismarck - (701) 223-7990
ENJOY!!
January 2002
Herb Poppke

Place Name Index
Map Index

Abbreviations:

HRHeritage Review, GRHS.
HdRHeimatbuch der Deutschen aus Russland.
HdBHeimatbuch der Deutschen aus Bessarabien.
HHSHeight's Homesteaders on the Steppes.
HPSHeight's Paradise on the Steppes.
HMGHeight's Memories of the Black Sea Germans.
BHKBessarabien Heimat Kalender
AWPAHSGR Workpaper
GWPGRHS Workpaper
JLAHSGR Journal
SBGRHS Stammbaum
ACAHSGR Clues
WVWandering Volhynian Newsletter
GCRGlückstal Colony Research Newsletter.
PSGPuget Sound, GRHS, Newsletter.
BRDBeacon Review, Denver Area(?).

Please click on the thumbnail images to view them in higher resolution


- Herb Poppke, ca. 1993
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TEPLITZ / BESSARABIA (Teplitza, Teplit, Teplitsa, Teplitskaya)

Founded in 1817.
2498 people (when)
6395 x 2.48 = 15,860 Acres.

45° 59' N × 29° 20' E.

C-9 on map A01.
7 km west of Arzis.

6 Oct to 9 Oct 1993

Map P383.12 in appendix.
Map P349 in appendix, Village plan.
Map P129.10 with Teplitz.
Map P326.4 with Paris.

--- people verschleppt.

References:
HbB pp 13, 172, 203-209.
Clues 1938 #2, pp 41-48.
AHSGR WP#23 pp 32-33.
BHK 1967, pp 17-27.
Clues 1979 pp 61-63.
  • (a) 41K3 Sign.
  • (b) 41K24 Looking No.(?) From SE hill.
  • (c) 41K25 Looking No.(?) From SE hill.
Teplitz is the ancestral home of my Weingärtner and Felchle (Fälchle) lines.

My mother, Katharina Felchle was born in Vakarskiye/Odessa area.

Teplitz was famous for the manufacturing of wagons. We were told that there was nothing to see at the old wagon works.

While in the Teplitz area the weather was cold and foggy. Not conducive to exploring.

The Village consists of one long street.

531 Families; 1480 People.

  • (d) 41K19 New School. 1980±
  • (e) 41K10 Manual Training Shop, not being used now.
  • (f) 41K21 Herb, Victor, and Nikolas. Victor is the School Principal.
272501 Ukraine
Odessa Oblast
Artsiz Raion
Selo Teplitsa

Alekseyev, Viktor, Stepanovich

A Middle School. German is being taught.

Teplitz lies up against the south flank of a broad, flat valley.

The Kogälnik was a meandering stream. It has been straightend and now looks like an irrigation canal.

The stream lies north of the Village. North of the stream is the Railroad. North of the R.R. is the Highway. North of the Highway are broad, flat fields.

There are a number of books published about Teplitz. Also, a good number of articles.

Teplitz has been having a number of visitors from Germany and the USA.

  • (g) 41K33 Nikolas, Nina (wife), Herb Poppke
Zhuzha, Nikolas Petrovich

272501 Ukraine
Odessa Oblast
Artsiz Raion
Selo Teplitsa
Lenina Street 66

Nikolas worked as a guide for us for 3 days.

  • (h) 41K26 Alyosha #1, Driver, Nikolas, Tamara, Shura, Katya, Alexei #2, Translat.
Katya is Tamarals Daughter, Shura is the grandmother.

  • (i) 15K2 Taken in Germany 1992. Boris, Tamara (wife) Luda Morar, friend.
Boris Korchuganov

I met Nikolas, Nina, Boris, Tamara, and Luda in the Fall of 1992 in Germany. They were visiting with Ernst Weingärtner.

Plattchinda on 15K2

Nikolas is the Bürgermeister of Teplitz.

Alyosha #l and Alexei #2 are from Odessa. They worked with me for three weeks.

  • (j) 41K29 Portable beehive. No longer in use. Nikolas Zhumha.
  • (k) 43K15 Boris, Tamara, and Mercedes.
  • (l) 43K18 Herb, Luda Morar, Nikolas.
Boris Korchuganov worked in Germany several months and bought the used Mercedes.

Luda's brickwork needs a finishing coat.

  • (m) W1 Street and Trees. From Willi Weingärtner 7 Aug 1994, 3rd cousin to me, who has given his permission to publish this photo.
  • (n) M2 Gottlieb Weingärtner 7 Feb 1870 - 18 Oct 1929
My maternal Grandmother Elisabeth Weingärtner 1845 - 1931
  • (o) M3 Over-All View.
  • (p) M4 White Stones.
  • (q) M5 Gotthilf Kussmaul 20 Mar 1891 - 8 Mar 1932, son of Jacob Friedrich Kussmaul
  • (r) M6 Christine (Schmidt) Fälchle (Felchle), wife of Christian Fälchle, not the one in Denhoff, ND.
Elaine (Becker) Morrison visited Teplitz in 1996.

Elaine's mother, Marie (Mauch) Becker was my first cousin.

Elaine gave me the 5 pictures M2 - M6 that she had taken in the Teplitz Cemetery and has given permission for them to be freely used.

Nikolas Zhuzha said that there was nothing to be seen, and steered us away from the above cemetery.

When I saw Elaine's pictures I felt cheated. I felt violated.

Elaine visited Teplitz 3 years after my visit. Elaine said that people from Germany had been restoring the cemetery. The stones might not be in their original position.

Man! I sure wish I could have seen that cemetery even if it were only a pile of rubble.

  • (s) 41K16 Cemetery Stones, Zhusha & Herb.
  • (t) 41K30 Pigs belong to Zhusha.
  • (u) 41K15 Grey Stones.
  • (v) 41K14 Prone Stone.
Zhusha steered me away from the main pile of Grave Stones. He said that there was was nothing to see. I must have been brain-dead to believe him.

Stupid! Stupid! Stupid!

Jan 2002

  • (w) 41K13 House of Culture.
  • (x) 41K18 Community Building.
  • (y) 41K17 Old School.
The House of Culture is on the site of the former church. The steps are those of the old church, but have been re-worked.

The old school was NW of the old church.

The new school is WSW of the old church.

The "Old" German Cemetery was SSE of the House of Culture. This Cemetery was destroyed in about 1960.

Farther south is the Ukrainian Cemetery.

Newer German Cemetery is SSE of the Ukrainian Cemet. The gravestones have been moved to a pile. No(?) inscriptions remain.

  • (z) 43K16 Old Building
  • (A) 43K17 Old Building
  • (B) 41K12 Pupils
  • (C) 41K23 Pupils


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NEU-ELFT / BESSARABIA (Delenj, Fere-Champenoise II, Kol. Fereszampenuazskaja, Nowo-Szampenos, Novo-Selovka)

Founded in 1825.
956 people (when)
3948 x 2.48 = 9,791 Acres.

C-9 on map A01.
16 km WSW of Arzis

Map P383.12 in appendix.
Map P129.10 w/Teplitz.
Map P326.4 w/Paris.

References:
BHK 1975, pp 16-20.
HbB pp 13, 113, 125-128.
Thursday, 7 Oct 1993.
  • (a) 42K11A Old Church.
  • (b) 42K12A Old German Wall; looking ENE from rear of Church.
  • (c) 42K17A Threshing Stones. Getreide Steine. There were 50± in a row.
20 people were verschleppt.

The red cows were fairly common. They had short horns. About 7-1/2" long. Moderate size udders.

  • (d) 42K13A Hier ruht in Gott Daniel Dobler, geb. den 15 Oktober 1861, gest. den 24 September 1922(?)
There were a number of legible stones in the Cemetery. Another Dobler, and Radche or Radcke or Radke, & Zeiser. It is said that the Neu-Elft German Cemetery is the "best" in Bessarabia. Located 2± blocks East of the Church.
  • (e) 42K18A Dovganich(?), Nadeshda.
272534 Ukraine
Odessa Oblast
Arzis Raion
Selo Novo-Selovka
Lenina Street 70
Apartment #1
Phone 2-11-10

She is a German teacher. She was very helpful. We did not record the name of the daughter.

  • (f) 42K14A Cemetery Gate, Neu-Elft.
Cemetery Stones:
Eva Zeiser, geb. 19 Sept 1895, gest. 18 Jan 1931, possibly married name(?), possibly Zaiser(?).
Friedrich Radke, geb 1863, gest. 1893


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ALT-ELFT / BESSARABIA (Fere-Champenoise I, Sadovoye, Sadowoje)

Founded in 1816.
1439 people (when)
4066 x 2.48 = 10,084 Acres.

C-8 on map A01.
12 km WNW of Arzis.

46° 01' N × 29° 17' E.
Map P383.12 in appendix.
Map P255.4 on back side.

Thursday, 7 Oct 1993.

References:
HdB pp 13, 113-119.
4 people verschleppt.
  • (a) 42K7A Hier ruht in Gott Ida Gabelman, geborene Krauss, geb. am bt. 1892, gest, am 10 Sebt. 1924, Fe. rl. Johs. 11 v. 25.(?)
  • (b) 42K8A German Cemetery seemed to be far from Church(?). Beyond Ukrainian Cemetery. Beyond edge of village. Grave Stones are piled up in a group. Few inscriptions remaining.
  • (c) 42K2A School Desks.
  • (d) 42K9A Nikolas Zhuzha, (Teplitz), Leonid Inglik (Hugo), Wife Anastasiya, Alexey #2, Alyosha #1
  • (e) 42K10A Red cap - Herb Poppke
  • (f) 42K0A Cow, Alt-Elft
#1 & #2 are driver and translator.

Ukraine
Odessa Oblast
Arzis Raion
Selo Sadovye
Komsomolekaya Street

Inglik, Leonid Dmitriyevich. He had been a German named Hugo (Gugo) Jüngling.

1930 Born in Neu-Elft.
1940 To Litzmannstadt/Pol. Tillage of Sloogie(?).
1945 To Neu-Elft.
1949 To Polish Volhynia, near Lusk(?). Village of Tsersk(?), or Manevichi(?).
1967 To Alt-Elft.

  • (g) 42K1A School. The conorete thing is the well.
  • (h) 42K4A Church; now the Club.
  • (i) 42K5A Church; the Klub.
Map P129.10 with Teplitz.
Map P326.4 with Paris.


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PARIS / BESSARABIA (#10, Paryz, Vesyeliy Kut, Weselyj Kut)

"Merry Corner" or "Happy Corner." There are several Vesyeliy Kuts.

Founded in 1816.
1614 people (when)
8664 x 2.48 = 21,487 Acres

C-8 on map A01.
13 km WNW of Arzis.

46° 3.1' N × 29° 16.9' E.
Map P383.12 in appendix.
Map P255.4 with Alt-Elft.
Map P378 Village Plan, in appendix.

  • (a) 41K34 Sign. Nikolas Z.
  • (b) 41K35 Front of Church.
  • (c) 41K37 Rear of Church.
"CLUB" is sign on Church.
Thursday, 7 Oct 1993.

My Step-Mother was born in Paris, 9 Feb 1886.
Mrs. Theodore Poppke.
Mrs. Andreas Pepple.
Nee Paulina Grobofsky.

References:
HR 16/2 Front Cover
JL 6/3 pp 19-26.
HbB pp 13, 113, 129-133.
10 people verschleppt.

Paris = Wooden Forks (?).

It rained while we were in Paris so we didn't do a very good job of exploring.

We were directed to a Cemetery that was a block or two behind the Church. We found no remains of German graves. There was a Ukrainian Cemetery in the vicinity.

Map P129.10 with Teplitz.
Map P326.4 on back side.


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KRASNA / BESSARABIA Catholic (Krasnoye)

Founded in 1814
3511 people (when)
7397 x 2.48 = 18,345 Acres.

21 km NW of Arzis.
C-8 on map A01.
See map P383.12 in appendix.
Map L-35-71 (P 255 Beresina).

HdB pages 433; 438-442.
AHSGR WP-23, 1977, Page 30.
46° 07' N × 29° 15' E.

Friday, 8 Oct 1993.

We took no notes or names.

10 people were verschleppt (dragged-off).

Village looked pretty good (?)

  • (a) 42K19A Sign; Looking west.
  • (b) 43K11 Bird.
  • (c) 43K12 Street.
Map P129.11 with Borodino.


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TARUTINO / BESSARABIA (ta RUE chi na)

Founded in 1814
3746 people (when)
8402 x 2.48 = 20,837 Acres.

C-8 on map A01.
31 km NW of Arzis.

Map P383.12 in Appendix.
Map P255.2 with Beresina.

  • (a) 42K20A On road from Arzis.
Very hilly; many grapes.

References:
Clues 1980 #2, pp 24-35.
AHSGR WP#23, pp 29-30.
HR 14/2 pp 38-41.
HdB pp 13, 415-427.
50 people verschleppt.

Friday, 8 Oct 1993.

Map P129.11 with Borodino.


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BERESINA / BESSARABIA (Beryezino)

Founded in 1816.
2653 people (when)
9230 x 2.48 = 22,890 Acres.>

C-8 on map A01.
32 km NW of Arzis.

Map P383.12 in Appendix.
Map P255.2.

  • (a) 43K9 (from highway to Arzis).
  • (b) 43K10 (from highway to Arzis).
References:
Clues 1985 #2 pp 35-40.
HdB pp 13, 263, 267-271.
16 people verschleppt.

Friday, 8 Oct 1993.

Map P129.11 with Borodino.


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LEIPZIG / BESSARABIA (Serpnyevoye, Serpnjewoje)

Founded in 1815.
2302 People (when)
8390 x 2.48 = 20,807 Acres.

C-7 on map A01.
47 km NW of Arziz.

  • (a) 42K22A On road from Arzis.
  • (b) 43K2 Lunch. Alyosha #1, Driver, Nikolas, Teplitz, Friend, Timofeyev, Collective Boss, Alexey #2, Translator.
  • (c) 43K3 Bird at Nadrechnoye NE of Leipzig.
271 ? Ukraine
Odessa Oblast
Tarutino Raion
Selo Serpnyevoye
Timofeyev, Vitaliy Anatolyevich

References:
Clues 1980 #1, pages 57-65.
HdB pp 13; 301-303; 311-316.
33 people verschleppt (dragged-off).

Friday, 8 Oct 1993.

Nikolas & Vitaliy are cousins.

Map P383.12 in Appendix.
Map P255.2 with Beresina.
Map P129.11 with Borodino.


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KULM / BESSARABIA (Podgornoye, Podgornoje)

Founded in 1815.
1711 People (when)
7057 x 2.48 = 17,501 Acres.

C-8 on map A01.
6 km SSE of Leipzig.

Map P383.12 in Appendix.
Map P255.2 with Beresina.

  • (a) 42K21A On road from Arzis.
Road runs on west side of town. Village is not impressive as seen from road.

References:
Clues 1979 #2, pp 52-60.
HR 13/4, pp 3-23.
HdB pp 13, 296-300.
Verschleppt = 27 people.

Friday, 8 Oct 1993.

Map P129.11 with Borodino.


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KALACHEVKA / BESSARABIA (Kolatschowka)

Founded: 1908
3310 x 2.48 = 8209 Acres
665 People

Some of the first settlers were: Erdmann, Tschritter, Göhring, Rotacker, Flegel, Fiechtner, & Pahl.

See HdB pages 306-308.

34 people were verschleppt.

Dau. Col. on purchased land in Skinos Valley.

Friday, 8 Oct 1993.

We took no names, or notes.

10 km NNW of Leipzig.
C-7 on map A01.

  • (a) 42K23A
  • (b) 42K24A
  • (c) 42K25A Looking down hill.
Map P383.12 in Appendix.
Map P253.1 with Peterstal.
Map P129.11 with Borodino.

They had a combination Prayer & School House.

We did not look for it.

  • (d) 42K27A Looking up the hill.
  • (e) 42K26A Shelling corn.
  • (f) 42K28A German Gravestones.
Nikolas ZhuZha, Teplitz, in tan sweater.


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KURUDSCHIKA / BESSARABIA (Sukhovatoye, had been Günsburgdorf)

Founded in 1881, 707 people.
1890 x 2.48 = 4,706 Acres.

14 km NNW of Leipzig. B-7 on Map A01.

Village Plan = P379 in appendix.

Had a combination Prayer & School House. We did not ask about it. Did not look for it. Friday, 8 Oct 1993.

See HdB pages 308 - 310.

1 person verschleppt (dragged-off).

A publication by the Heimatmuseum on the 1931 -50th- anniversary: "Chronik der deutschen Gemeinde des Dorfes Kurudschika."

  • (a) 42K29A Looking NE from South end.
  • (b) 42K31A Looking NW from South end.
  • (c) 42K30A Looking North from South end.
  • (d) 42K33A Looking NNW from Cemetery hill.
Kurudschika is located in the NW corner of Ukraine, just east of the Moldavian border. The main road cuts across the corner of Moldava. We were advised to take a by-pass that was nothing but a cross-country trail - no road.

It had rained; the ground was saturated; the weather was threatening; we were unsure of the route; so we took Yogi's advice: "When you come to a fork in the road, take it."

By, the time we got to Kurudschika we were running behind schedule. We had a couple of stops to make, a lunch date in Leipzig, and we were going to attempt to make it to Hoffnungstal.

The road runs on the west side of Kurudschika and not down the main street as in most villages. This left the main street a quagmire.

Kurudschika looked like a desolate, forlorn place. With time and weather being a problem, and probably a depressed feeling on my part, we didn't do a good job of exploring the village. I now wish that we had done a better Job.

My stepbrother, Andy Pepple, was born in Kurudschika. 31 Aug 1908.

272728 Odessa Oblast
Tarutino Raion
Selo Sukhovatoye
Ukraine

  • (e) 42K32A Kozlovskiy, Vyachyeslav Timofeevich Father & Son. I think the above is the son's name (?).
  • (f) 42K34A We found only the Russian Soldier's grave in the cemetery. Pavlo S. Nazar 1905 - 1943.


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PETERSTAL / BESSARABIA (Petrovsk)

Founded 1873. 122 People.
150 x 2.48 = 372 Acres.

17 km hTMY of Leipzig.
Location B-7 on map A01.

In NW corner of Ukraine, at the Moldavian border.

Stumpp gives: Wohnsiedlungen auf Pachland; nach 1919 "Hektargemeinde."

See HdB Pages 317-318.

1 person was verschleppt (dragged-off).

The village seemed fairly large and active. The people came out to greet us. We were from outer space. Peterstal is pretty well isolated. They don't get many foreign visitors. We were invited for lunch but we had a date at Leipzig.

Friday, 8 Oct 1993.

Corn stalks everywhere at this time of the year.

Ukrainian colors are blue (azure) and yellow. They must get the blue paint free. It is everywhere. They have to buy(?) the yellow; you don't see it so often.

Sometimes they use a yellow and green combination. This looks nice.

We didn't ask about a church or graveyard.

We took no names or notes.

  • (a) 42K36A Two Women.
  • (b) 43K0 Street Crowd.
  • (c) 42K35A The Man.
Map P383.12 in Appendix.
Map P253.1.
Map P129.11 with Borodino.


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BORODINO / BESSARABIA

Founded in 1814.
2719 people (when)
7612 x 2.48 = 18,878 Acres.

C-7 on map A01.
17 km east of Leipzig.

46° 18' N × 29° 15' E.
Map P383.12 in appendix.
Map P255.1 w/Hoffnungstal.
Map P129.11.

  • (a) 43K4 Sign at Bus Stop.
  • (b) 43K5 Street.
  • (c) 43K6 Yard.
Friday, 8 Oct 1993.

21 people verschleppt.

References:
HbB pp 13, 263, 272-275.


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HOFFNUNGSTAL / BESSARABIA (Nadezhdovka, Nadjeshdowka)

Nadezhda = Hope

Founded 1842/1848
1930 people when?
6250 x 2.48 = 15,500 Acres.

C-7 on map A01.
36 km No. & 7 km W. of Arzis.

46° 19' N × 29° 21' E.
Map 383.12 in appendix.
Map 129.11 with Borodino.
Map 255.1 on back side.

  • (a) 43K7 Looking East on road about 3 km west of Hoffnungstal/Bess.
  • (b) 43K8 Looking East. Alyosha & car.
References:
AHSGR WP#19, pp 35-42.
BHK 1967, pp 27-42.
HdB pp 13, 263, 277-280, 507-509.
HMG pp 18, 19, 102.
There is a published book.
48 people verschleppt.

It had rained and was threatening again. We stopped about 3 km short of Hoffnungstal.

We were told that the Hoffnungstal area was now a military zone and we would not be allowed in. But we tried anyway. I think the poor road was the military's first line of defense.

Note that the 1992 map P383 shows only a few buildings. It does not give Hoffnungs. as a village but "yp" -- A fertile or cultivated field(?).

I think it no longer exists as a Village (?).


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ARZIS / BESSARABIA (Arcis, Arciz, Artsiz, Archits)

Founded in 1816.
1789 People (when)
5000 x 2.48 = 12,400 Acres.

C-9 on Map A01.
68 km west & 23 km south of Akkerman.

45° 59' N × 29° 26' E.
Map P383.12 in appendix.
Map P129.10 with Teplitz.

Saturday, 9 Oct 1993.

25 People verschleppt.

  • (a) 43K24 Sign.
  • (b) 43K19 Bus Station.
  • (c) 43K20 Street.
Saturday was a busy time. People were catching rides to Odessa and other markets.

Said that no Cemetery left. Only a wall of the Church remains.

Present population about 18,000. I think that this includes Brienne, and Neu-Brienne(?).

  • (d) 43K37 Looking NNE from north of Brienne.
  • (e) 43K23 Front of Museum. Nikolas (Teplitz). Herb Poppke. Nikolay (Arzis)
  • (f) 43K21 Threshing Equipment.
272500 Ukraine
Odessa Oblast
Selo Artsiz
28 Iunya Street 100 (Museum)
Udodyenko, Nikolay Efryemovich

Pictured are:

A threshing Stone (Getreide Stein).

A "threshing machine" Doska-Molotilka

Doska = board or plank.
Molot = hammer or mallet.

The bottom of the boards have small slots. Imbedded in the slots are small stones (flint(?)). The stones are about 1/4" thick and about 1-1/2" in diameter.

Nikolay said that the "toboggen" is dragged over the grain after the threshing stone has been utilized.

I have no information about the wooden tool that Nikolay is holding.
The Museum has a nice map of Arzis that was donated by Emil German (Herrmann) in 1991. Emil also donated other items. We should get a copy of this map.

I met a Roman German in Güldendorf.

There were 50± threshing stones in Neu-Elft.


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BRIENNE / BESSARABIA (Chervono-Glinskoye)

The name "Brienne" is not shown on the 1992 map. The village, along with Neu- Brienne, are shown as Suburbs of Arzis(?).

Founded in 1816.
1820 people in (when)
5560 x 2.48 = 13,789 Acres.

C-9 on Map A01.
2 km south of Arzis.

45° 58' N × 29° 26' E.
Map P383.12 in appendix.
Map P129.10 with Teplitz.

Saturday, 9 Oct 1993.

16 people Verschleppt.

  • (a) 43K35 Looking SE(?) Sheep.
  • (b) 43K36 Looking SW(?) Dirt.
  • (c) 43K34 Yellow Flower. Bear's Ear. Medvyezhe Ushko±.
References:
HbB pp 13, 172, 181-185.
Brienne is nestled up against south flank of valley much like Teplitz.

Brienne seemed to be an "active" village.

The German Cemetery is no more(?). Some stones piled up(?). Some stones have been used in the building of a rock wall (?). No± inscriptions(?).

  • (d) 43K31 Stone in Grass.
  • (e) 43K33 Bones.
  • (f) 43K32 Catharina (?) Roth (?) den 1 Juni (?) 1869, gest. den 28 November (?) 1935 (?). I could not read her maiden name. The inscription had been Hi-Lited with chalk. Someone had been there.


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- e
FRIEDENSTAL / BESSARABIA (Mirnopl'ye, Mirnopolje)

Founded in 1834.
2149 people (when)
8892 x 2.48 = 22,052 Acres.

C-8 on map A01.
8 km NNW of Arzis.

46° 03' N × 29° 24' E.
Map P383.12 in Appendix.
Map P255.4 with Alt-Elft.

  • (a) 43K25 Sign
  • (b) 43K26 Street, tractor.
  • (c) 43K27 Street, geese.
References:
HbB pp 13, 172, 186-189.
Saturday, 9 Oct 1993.

Mirnopl'ye = "Peaceful Field±"

Old Church is gone. Replaced by another public Building.

We found nothing in the old cemetery.

101 people verschleppt (dragged-off).

Map P129.10 with Teplitz.
Map P326.4 with Paris.

  • (d) 43K28 Old Building - German(?).
  • (e) 43K30 Green Field, South of Town, Looking East.


- a
- b
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- f
- g
- h
SARATA / BESSARABIA

Founded in 1822.
2193 People (when)
7600 x 2.48 = 18,848 Acres.

Saturday, 9 Oct 1993.

D-8 on map A01
19 km ENE of Arzis.

46° 01' N × 29° 40' E.
Map P383.12 in appendix.
Map P129.10 with Teplitz.

  • (a) 44K11 Sign
  • (b) 44K10 Anya & Sveta at front of church.
References:
HbB pp 13, 393-398, 406-411
AHSGR W#23 pp 33-36.
HR #9 1974, pp 34-37.
3 people verschleppt.

No addresses. No notes.

  • (c) 44K5 Church, Rear-Side.
  • (d) 44K8 Church, Front-Side.
  • (e) 44K9 House of Culture (church) We did not look for a Cemetery.
    • (f) 44K4 Leopold Dobler Hospital(?).
    • (g) 44K7 Dobler House.
    • (h) 44K6 Sign on House.
    Dr. Leopold Dobler was well known. The people said that this was "his" hospital.

    There also was an Alexander -Asyl (Asylum) on the same lot. We did not look for it nor ask about it.

    There is a published book on Dr. Leopold Dobler. Hugh Dobler of Lincoln, Nebraska has published a book on Dobler Genealogy.

    Leopold Dobler of Murrhardt, Germany has put out little booklets on the Genealogy of Dobler, Weingärtner, and Schulz families.

    Hugh and the Murrhardt Leopold are second cousins.

    Murrhardt Dobler and Bruce Poppke are third cousins via the Weingärtner line. I don't know the relation ship between the Doctor and the others.

    Dobler's house is now a Music School(?).

    There are a couple of Dobler gravestones at Neu-Elft.


- a
- b
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- d
GNADENTAL / BESSARABIA (Nadjesbda = Hope±, Dolinovka = Valley±)

Founded in 1830.
1210 People (when)
6277 x 2.48 = 15,567 Acres.

D-9 on map A01.
8 km east of Arzis.

Saturday, 9 Oct 1993.

28 people verschleppt.

Map P383.12 in appendix.
Map P129.10 with Teplitz.

  • (a) 44K0 Sign. Alyosha #1.
  • (b) 44K3 View of Yard.
  • (c) 44K2 Summer Kitchen.
References:
HbB pp 13, 233-238.
  • (d) 44K1 House in Gnadental/Bess.


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ZARYA / BESSARABIA (Kamczyk, Camchik)

"Sun Rise," The original name, after a river in Bulgaria. Founded prior to 1872 by Bulgarians.

80±% Bulgarians today.

4 km SSE of Sarata.

Oct 6 to Oct 10, 1993. Homestay.

I mentioned that SE of Tuttle, ND there were two Bulgarian families by the names of Kalianoff, and Balaban. They said that these families are present around this area.

  • (a) 44K12 Sign.
  • (b) 41K4 Carpet on Wall.
  • (c) 41K9 Vitalik (b1985±) My Buddy.
A later section of this album has more pictures of this family and village.

Very friendly, hard-working family. Nice home.

Wall in background of 41K9 is of a Summer Kitchen under construction. Rubble is mainly yellow limestone. See a later section.

Map P383.12 in appendix.
Map P129.10 with Teplitz.

  • (d) 44K21 Dushya (b1954), Tolya (b1976), Vadim (b1980, a Cousin), Katerina (b1927), Valera (b1982).
  • (e) 44K13 Michail (b1922), Herb Poppke (b1921), Alyosha #1, Odessa.
  • (f) 44K23 Mishya (b1953).
Dushya is Ukrainian.

Mishya (Michail, 1953) is a veterinarian. Works at the Collective.

272401 Ukraine
Odessa Oblast
Sarata Raion
Selo Zarya
Oktyabrskaya Street 251
Argirov, Michail, (1953) Michailovich.
Phone 56-2-46

Dushya is continually working at double-time. Katerina and her husband never stop either.

They have a cow, geese, a horse, etc. Raise corn, grapes, etc.

Well in yard with rope and bucket.

Electric washing machine. No spin-dry; no wringer. Rinse in a tub. Wring by hand. Hang on clothesline.

No kitchen facilities in main house.

Outdoor toilet with 8" hole in floor. Dushya kept it clean. No seat!

Brooms like that shown on 44K21 are common.

Home made wine in pitcher.

Limestone and More.

  • (g) 41K6 Limestone wall.
  • (h) 41K2 Adobe Block wall.
  • (i) 41K5 Making Duck Soup.
Zarya, Bessarabia, just south of Sarata. A Bulgarian Village.

We Homestayed in Zarya for about 4 days.

The Duck Soup was good.

The building is a Summer Kitchen under construction. There is no roof, no doors, and no windows. The pole is a temporary brace. The stove is also temporary.

The walls will be finished inside and out.

The big "Ukrainian" stoves that you read about are very common.

  • (j) 40K35A Mortar
  • (k) 40K34A Mortar
  • (l) 40K32A Mortar
The mortar was mixed on the driveway pavement. The mixture might have been a sand-cement topping mix rather than "Mortar"(?)

The construction was a family Co-op job.

The Summer Kitchen

  • (m) 40K36A
  • (n) 40K33A
  • (o) 41K8
In pictures m and n the men are applying an under coat before adding the final coat.

Picture o shows the final coat. The vertical line is a corner of the building.

A texture-type finish is often added. This is done by sprinkling a slurry on the wall.

The sprinkling is done by flicking their short, litle brooms after having dipped the broom in the slurry.

More on Zarya/Bess.

Some relative of the people we were staying with were building a summer kitchen, and cooking duck soup.

The young lady was making "Platchinda" These were meat filled, not with pumpkin. They were good.

I don't have the young lady's name. Shame!

She handled the rolling pin with great dexterity. Like a Japanese chef in a TV commercial. We should have had a Video camera.

  • (p) 41K0 Girl & Mishya.
  • (q) 41K1 Girl & No Mishya.
Limestone and More
  • (r) 45K12 Limestone quarry just south of Freudental/Odessa.
  • (s) 45K11 More Limestone. Freudental/Odessa.
  • (t) 41K7 Limestone wall. Needs a finishing coat. Zarya/Bess.
My perception of limestone construction was of nice rectangular blocks. In this area of Ukraine all I saw was limestone rubble used in much the same manner as we would use field stone. I would guess that cut limestone would be used on larger construction projects.

The rough walls are finished with a coat of mortar. I don't know if the mixture is actually mortar. It might be just a sand-cement topping mix. The raw walls look pretty shoddy before the finish coat is applied.

This limestone occurs all over this area. The land must have been under water back in the good old days. I think this area is known as the Pontiac Plateau(?). Don't bet on my geology.

The limestone has been described as a "soft conglomerate of limestone." Also as "ein gelblicher Muschelkalk' (yellowish mussel limestone). Evidence of mussels is easy to see.

I gave a small piece of limestone to GRHS in N.D.

  • (u) 47K26 Grossliebental/Od. Church Foundation.
  • (v) 44K16 Zarya/Bessarabia, South of Sarata.
  • (w) 44K17 Close-up. Zarya.
The house is being built of whatever materials are available. This seems to be a common practice.

Much construction is at a standstill because of a lack of money or a lack of material. Or both.

Note the large concrete blocks. These are common.

Corrugated roofs are common. Mostly some composition material. Some metal.

The pre-cast floor panels are common.

I think that the white material is sandstone(?). I don't know. Just a guess.

A number of the newer houses in the suburbs are multi-story. The old houses seem to all be single story(?). I think some of the multi-story houses are ugly!!

The yellow material is native limestone.

The Grossliebental and most of the other churches in the area are of limestone construction(?).

I guess this Steppe is flat because the land had been under water(?).

I guess that the limestone has something to do with the fertility of the land(?).

  • (x) 42K6A Sandstones(?)
  • (y) 40K5A Close-up of wall.
  • (z) 40K4A Wall.
  • (A) 40K6A Uriy.
Uriy and the walls are in Hoffnungstal/Odessa.

Note that the wall contains roof tiles(?). This construction requires more mortar as compared to brick or block work.

The old walls of the "Golden Gate" in Kiev have some large flat bricks about 2 x 15 x 15.

Note wall thru the doorway.

  • (B) 44K15
  • (C) 44K14
These Fotos typify the general state of maintenance in the area. Roads, buildings, most everything.

They have had a rough history for the past several hundred years.

The transformers are in Zarya, Bessarabia. Many transformers are sitting at ground level.

Nothing to ward off animals or children.


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