Germans From RussiaGLÜCKSTAL & MORE, 1993

Herb Poppke

Published by the Odessa Digital Library - 20 Nov 2001
http://pixel.cs.vt.edu/library/odessa.html

This document may be freely used for personal, nonprofit purposes or
linked by other WWW sites. It may also be shared with others, provided
the header with copyright notice is included. However, it may not be
republished in any form without permission of the copyright owner.

Copyright* 2001, Roger W. Ehrich, 1407 Locust Avenue, Blacksburg,
VA 24060, rehrich@vt.edu

* This compilation and the enhanced images were prepared by Roger W. Ehrich at the suggestion of Rachel Schmidt of GRHS and Dale Wahl. This work is copyrighted by Roger Ehrich; however, the images and annotations themselves are the work of, and have been placed in the public domain by Herb Poppke so that they may be freely used with proper attribution. The negatives and double resolution raw image scans are in the possession of the Germans from Russia Heritage Society, Bismarck ND. -re

Herb Poppke
3015 NW Market Street #B117
Seattle, WA 98107-4272
(206) 789-0871
In the fall of 1993 I made a 32-day "solo" trip to the Ukraine. I traveled with a car, driver, and translator. The trip was arranged by the MIR Corp. in Seattle, WA. My Ukrainian headquarters were Kiew and Odessa. I did some scouting around in Kiew and Odessa, but my major activity was in Germanic settlement areas. I compiled a FOTO-ALBUM for each of these areas:

GLÜCKSTAL Foto Album, 1993 (NW of Odessa)
SHITOMIR Foto Album, 1993 (Volhynia)
TEPLITZ Foto Album, 1993 (Bessarabia)
GROSSLIEBENTAL Foto Album, 1993 (Odessa area)

Since copyrights and resolution make it impractical to include most of the maps in the online albums, I have produced 4 SUPPLEMENTS. These contain the maps and other items omitted from the online versions. I have made 3 copies of each of the SUPPLEMENTS. They are located at:

GRHS, Bismarck - (701) 223-6167
Herb Poppke, Seattle - (206) 789-0871
David Poppke, Bismarck - (701) 223-7990
ENJOY!!
September 2001
Herb Poppke

Place Name Index
Map Index

Abbreviations:

HRHeritage Review, GRHS.
HdRHeimatbuch der Deutschen aus Russland.
HdBHeimatbuch der Deutschen aus Bessarabien.
HHSHeight's Homesteaders on the Steppes.
HPSHeight's Paradise on the Steppes.
HMGHeight's Memories of the Black Sea Germans.
BHKBessarabien Heimat Kalender
AWPAHSGR Workpaper
GWPGRHS Workpaper
JLAHSGR Journal
SBGRHS Stammbaum
ACAHSGR Clues
WVWandering Volhynian Newsletter
GCRGlückstal Colony Research Newsletter.
PSGPuget Sound, GRHS, Newsletter.
BRDBeacon Review, Denver Area(?).

Please click on the thumbnail images to view them in higher resolution


- a
- b
- c
GLÜCKSTAL (Glinnoye, Khlinaya, Glinnaya)

47° 12' N × 29° 22' E.
45 km NNW of Tiraspol.

Pictures on road from Neudorf. Friday, 1 Oct. 1993

  • (a) 39K3A Looking WSW.
  • (b) 39K2A Looking SW.
  • (c) 39K4A Church, 1845(?).
Map P383.132 w/Glück.
Map P383.13 w/Novo Pet.
Map P347.4 w/Vakarskiye.
Map A02.1 w/Kassel.

Founded 1808.
2,330 people in 1943
29,732 acres in 1918.

References:
HHS, p 186, Chronicle
GCR-6/2, Fall 1993, pp 9-45.

Glückstal is now located in "Dniester-by-Moldavia." It had been in Moldova. It had been in Ukraine.

We spent only 5 minutes in Glückstal. No time!

Located at A-5 on map A02. See GCR-6/2.

We entered "Moldova" by way of Shibka from Kassel. We had no Visa. There were no border guards.

We re-entered Ukraine NE of Bergdorf. There were Ukrainian border guards. No problem.


- a
- b
- c
- d
- e
- f
- g
- h
- j
- k
- l
NEUDORF (Karmanovo)

47° 15.1' N × 29° 30.1' E.
47 km NNW of Tiraspol.
(A-B) on map A02.

Friday, 1 Oct. 1993.

Founded in 1809.
2,401 people in 1943
19,429 acres in 1918.

  • (a) 38K32 Front of Klub.
  • (b) 38K33 Front-Side.
  • (c) 38K34 Rear-Side. I think this had been the front of the Church(?)
Hauptstrasse is now October Street.

The Krankenhaus (Hospital) is no more.

The orchard is built over.

The far end of the Cemetery is a park. The near end is built over(?).

The schools opposite the Church appear to be gone.

References:

HHS, p 193, Chronicle.
HHS, p 251, Village Plan.
GCR-6/2, Fall 1993, pp 9-45.

Map P383.132 w/Glückstal.
Map P383.13 w/Novo Pet.
Map P347.4 w/Vakarskiye.
Map A02.1 w/Kassel.

Other than visiting with the Martels we spent only about 20 minutes in Neudorf. No Time! See GCR-6/2

Neudorf is now in "Dniester-by-Moldavia." It had been in Moldova. It had been in Ukraine.

Lutheran Church rebuilt in 1865

  • (d) 38K35 Milita neé Mitleider, Born 1931 in Neudorf. Raised in Kassel. Wife. Eugen Augustovich Martel. Born 1930 in Kassel. Husband. Christina neé Benz. Born 1911 in Kassel. Milita's maternal aunt. Husband = Ludwig Lingert from Kassel.
All three were deported to the Ural region in 1945. They had been in Kreis Kalis, Poland.

They hope to move to Germany in the fall of 1993.

Elsie Draeger of Napoleon N.D. visited in 1993(?).

278313 Dniester-by-Moldavia
Grigoriopol Raion
57 October Street
Selo Karmanovo

  • (e) 39K0A Baptist Church. Front-Side.
  • (f) 39K00A Rear-Side.
  • (g) 38K28 Karmanova - Neudorf
  • (h) 39K1A Old German House
  • (i) 38K25-27 Looking West(?) on road from Pavlovka
Signs on front of "KLUB."

There were 2 of the large signs but I failed to take a picture of the second.

  • (j) 38K29 Russian(?).
  • (k) 38K30 Moldavian(?).
  • (l) 38K31 Russian(?).
In Ukraine it seemed that every building of some importance had a big sign on it.


- a
- b
- c
- d
BERGDORF (Beregovoye(?), Kolosova)

47° 20' N × 29° 34' E.
54 km north of Tiraspol.
B-4 on map A02.

Map P383.132 w/Glückstal.
Map P383.13 w/Novo Pet.
Map P347.4 w/Vakarskiye.
Map A02.1 w/Kassel.

  • (a) 39K5A Sign. Looking NE(?).
  • (b) 39K9A Looking SW(?) from NE end of town.
Friday, 1 Oct. 1993. We spent only 10 minutes in Bergdorf. No time.

Founded in 1810.
1,708 people in 1943.
11,162 acres in 1918.

References:

HHS, p 199, Chronicle.
GCR-6/2, Fall 1993, pp 9-45.

Bergdorf is now located in "Dniester-by-Moldavia."

It had been in Moldova. It had been in Ukraine. The area is hilly.

  • (c) 39K7A Church (1851)
  • (d) 39K6A Lenin. In front of church.
See GCR-6/2.


- a
- b
- c
- d
- e
- f
- i
- j
- k
- l
- m
- n
KASSEL (Veliko Komarovka)

47° 05.3' N × 29° 39.2' E.

Founded in 1808.
2,613 people in 1943.
21,638 acres in 1918.

References:

HHS, pp 72-73; 354,
HHS, pp 196-199 Chronicle.

Friday, 1 Oct. 1993.

Map P383.132 w/Glückstal.
Map P383.13 w/Novo Pet.
Map P347.4 w/Vakarskiye.
Map A02.1 w/Kassel.
Map P299 Not Included.
Map P500 w/Kassel.

Tashev reported that a German by the name of Friedrich Gramm was living in Kassel. We did not look him up.

People still use the old name of "Kassel."

I had intended to spend a day in Kassel, and another day in the other Glückstal Colonies. The road west from Velikaya Mikhalova was so bad that I decided to do everything in one day. A bad mistake. I didn't do justice to any of the villages!

Marie Mauch's husband, the Rev. Emil Becker, was born in Kassel.

Gramms lived in Kassel and in Vakarskiye. Gramms lived in Denhoff and in Goodrich.

Kassel remains in Ukraine. The other Glückstal Colonies are now in "Dniester-by-Moldavia."

  • (a) 38K6 School Building.
  • (b) 38K4 Class Room.
  • (c) 38K9 Herb with Bubble Gum.
  • (d) 38K3 School Director. Born 1945.
273394 Ukraine, Odessa Oblast
Velikaya Mikhalova Raion
Selo Veliko Komarovka
School
Tashev, Dmitri Nik

German is now, 1993, being taught.

  • (e) 37K36A Window of Church. With view of School.
  • (f) 38K8 Sign on front of School.
The School was built after WWII. The old school was used as a Military Hospital during WWII.

  • (g) 37K27A-28A Looking SW. German Cemetery in trees at far-left. White markers - Ukrainian Cemetery. Viewed on Highway from Velikaya Mikhalova at east edge of Kassel.
1 Oct. 1993

  • (h) 37K29A-30A Looking WNW.
  • (i) 37K31A German Gravestone.
  • (j) 37K32A-33A Looking SE. German graveyard in the trees. Viewed from North-South road.
The German graveyard is overgrown with trees and shrubs. Needs a good California brush fire. Difficult to see anything. See map P383 for cemetery location.

  • (k) 38K0 Tashev reported that the Church had been Catholic(?). (More likely Lutheran). He said it had been closed down in 1919 and turned into a Club. The city wants to tear it down but no one will take the responsibility to destroy a House of the Lord.
  • (l) 38K7 Side view of church
  • (m) 37K34A Side view of church
  • (n) 37K35A Inside view of church


- a
- b
- c
- d
- e
VELIKAYA MIKHALOVKA

47° 3.8' N × 29° 52.0' E.
15 km east of Kassel
5 km NNW of Novo Petrovka

Map P347.4 w/Vakarskiye

  • (a) 39K23A Top. Alexi #2 Translator. Tanusha Waitress. Alyosha #1 Driver.
  • (b) 36K31A Add Zoya a Waitress.
  • (c) 36K32A Add Herb P.
Kafe Chayka
Karla Marksa Street # 25.

We had breakfast and supper there for about 3-4 days. They treated us like royalty. Tablecloth, cloth napkins, good food. Banquet room. Cheap.

273380 Ukraine
Odessa Oblast
Velikaya Mikhalovka Raion
Selo Telikaya Mikhalovka

1 Oct. 1993.

It turned cold on 30 Sept. I almost froze to death. I was not dressed properly.

After that I wore: 2 pairs of socks, Long Johns, 2 T" shirts, 2 sweat shirts, gloves, a stocking cap, and a windbreaker. Also blue jeans.

At night I took off my shoes, and the wind breaker.

My trip of 16 Sept. to 16 of Oct. was taken about a month too late. Too cold. Also foggy in Bessarabia.

  • (d) 36K34A A Mikhalovka Policeman & Herb P.
Oleg Batsanuk
Molodezhnaya St. # 8; KV # 21.

A daughter, Natasha, was born on 29 Sept. 1993. We had a Vodka party one night in the police station in her honor.

Oleg helped us get settled when we arrived in town. He also took us to the Ukrainian Border Patrol who told us that there were no guards at Shipka and that we should cross into Moldavia there. We did. We had no problems.

  • (e) 36K33A Alexi #1 and Vashily Ivanovich Nadvodskiy. Dzerzhinskogo St. # 27.
Our Landlord for about 4 days. He rented us a vacant house that was partially furnished. He was living in the summer kitchen. A good, friendly man.

I will show the pictures of the outdoor John in a later section.


- a
- b
- c
NOVO PETROVKA

47° 2.4' N × 29° 53.5' E.
91 km NW of Odessa.
4 km SW of Vakarskiye

Map P383.132 w/Glückstal

Thursday, 30 Sept. 1993.

  • (a) 39K24A Flea Market in Velikaya Mikhalovka. Not in Novo Petrovka.
  • (b) 37K24A The Ukrainians are in the process of changing signs to Ukrainian. The Russian "o" has been replaced by an "i." Herb P.
  • (c) 37K23A View of Novo Petrovka. On road from Vakarskiye. In Vakarskiye Ivan had told us that the Germans were not buried there but were buried in Novo Petrovka.
We took a short look at a cemetery in the south(?) end of Novo Petrovka. The graves at the south end were Ukrainian. The graves at the north end were abandoned, and not typical Ukrainian. There were a number of concrete or stone markers that looked like this: +

I took no pictures. Must have been brain-dead. It was cold. I had had no experience with old German graveyards and didn't know what to look for.

We also failed to ask questions of the natives.

We also failed to look for graves in Vakarskiye.

I hope that someone will go to this area and do a better job of "Grave-Digging" than I did.


KRONTAL, 1 March 1994

Krontal was one of the main villages that I had planned to visit on my trip to Ukraine in the fall of 1993. So what happened? I stood in the center of what had been Krontal and I was not aware of the fact. What a colossal blunder!

I will attempt to explain my failure, but nothing will excuse my doing a bad job. (My fatal mistake was not talking to the natives)

I had planned to spend a day in Kassel and a second day in the other Glückstal villages. But the road west of Velikaya Mikhalovka was so bad that I decided to spend only one day in the entire area. A big mistake. I didn't do justice to any of the places. Always rushed for time. To make matters worse, we were in "Dniester-by-Moldavia" without a Visa. No Problems.

I had a vivid mental image of what Krontal might have looked like. A typical German dorf stretching for about a kilometer down the valley with vineyards on both the east and west flanks. This image was reenforced by the village plan in VOLK auf dem WEG and by the other villages that I had seen. The name "Krontal" implies a valley.

I had the impression that the village of Krontal (Temush) no longer existed. The 1992 map, P383, no longer showed the name "Temush," but just showed a series of streets. The map did not show any buildings by means of black marke as with other villages. The last paragraph of the VOLK auf dem WEG article, gave the impression that there was not much left of the village. When I looked down the valley I said "Look, there is the village of Krontal - GONE!"

There is a Kolkhoz (collective) on both the NE shoulder and the NW shoulder. They look like a Kolkhoz and not like a German village. Neither is extensive enough to have covered 25 German farm yards. So I ignored the Collectives and concentrated on the valley. A bad decision.

In February as I was putting this Foto-Album together I soon realized that the pictures and maps did not reflect my notions about Krontal.

The VOLK auf dem WEG village plan shows 25 farm yards in a row. Map P346 does not show anything like that in the valley. Both are dated 1944. When one studies the highway on P346 and on the village plan it is clear that the village of Krontal had been by-passed by the NW loop of the road. Only then did I realize that the NW Kolkhoz was in about the same location as Krontal, and that the black rectangle on P346 represented the village.

I had thought that the black rectangle indicated some Kolkhoz structure, and was too small to be the village of Krontal. Using the scale of the map I calculated that a farm yard would have been about 58' x 205'. This beems to be a reasonable size, especially when one considers that 14 yards had been sub-divided into 25 yards.

A further examination of the pictures and maps showed that the highway had been straighten and now runs through the middle of the village. This changed the entire appearance of the area and probably added to my confusion.

As a result of a series of blunders I failed to adequately explore and photograph the area that had been the village of Krontal.

I hope that someone will be going to that region and do the Job that I should have done. I will pay a reasonable cost!

So sorry,
Herb Poppke

- a
- b
- c
KRONTAL (Kolchoz, Temusch, Kolkhoz, Temush)

47° 9.7' N × 29° 26.0' E.
A-5 on Map A02
38 km NNW of Tiraspol.
9 km south of Glückstal.

1 Oct. 1993 trip to Krontal.
1 Mar 1994 this write up.

References:

See sheet a little farther back.

Map P383.132 w/Glückstal.
Map P383.13 w/Novo Pet.
Map P347.4 w/Vakarskiye.
Map P305.4 w/Krontal.
Map P346.4 w/Krontal.
Map A02.1 w/Kassel.

1867 Founded with 7 farm yards. 1 family from Glückstal and 6 families from Neudorf, 564 acres purchased from Neudorf. 1685 acres of crown land.

1897 A combination school, prayerhouse, and teacher's residence built.

1918 11 farm yards, 73 people.

1930 14 farm yards. Start of Collectivization.

1930-1937 8 people Verschlept (dragged-off).

1941 117 people.

1943 132 people.

1944 125 people, 31 families. The 14 yards had been sub divided into 25 farm yards.

  • (a) 38K22 Looking north. Combination school, etc.
  • (b) 38K23 Looking NNW. "Mess Hall."
  • (c) 38K24 Looking ENE. Rear of "Mess Hall."
See 38K14 and 13.

These buildings are located north of the present Highway and on west shoulder of the valley. North of the NW Kolkhoz.

These pictures were taken on the Highway from Shipka at the NE corner of the valley.

  • (d) 38K13-14 Looking WSW. The background might be Grigoriopol(?) 10 km! away. Note several structures about 1 km away. Road at lower-left goes to the NE Kolkhoz, 38R16.
    Buildings shown are located in approximately the south part of the village of Krontal.
    We failed to visit this Kolkhoz. We took no more pictures. We failed to talk to the natives.
    In the fall of 1993 I did not realize that these pictures were of what had been the village of Krontal. I thought that the "Mess Hall" and school buildings were part of the Kolkhoz and not old German buildings.
    I had assumed that Krontal had been in the valley and no longer existed. Wrong!
    The present Highway cut thru the middle of what had been the village of Krontal and then turns to the WSW.
    The former Highway made a loop over the north-end of Krontal.
    I think the larger, closer building on the north side of the road is the 1897 combination school, prayer-house, and teacher's residence(?). See 38K22
    The "Mess Hall" is the smaller building a little farther west. Maybe used for school lunches, and possibly for a community building(?). See 38K23 & 24.
    The cemetery should be to the west of the "Mess Hall."
    The small, grey building at the left-edge of the picture looks like it could be an old German structure(?).
    It appears that the school and "Mess Hall" are the only things that remain in the north-half of Krontal.
    We failed to adequately explore the area and didn't take enough pictures. We didn't know where we were!

GOTTHILF FÄLCHLE, 23 Nov 1992

Gotthilf Fälchle, my maternal 2nd cousin, was born in Teplitz/Bessarabia, Russia on 1 October 1895. He moved to Krontal, a Chutor about 12 km south of Neudorf/Glückstal. This location is east of the river and in USSR territory.

Katharina Schlichter, who was born on 4 September 1900, became Gotthilf's wife. They had 4 sons: Emil, 1930; Gotthilf, 1933; Albert, 1934; and Erhardt, 1936.

In 1937 Gotthilf was "verschleppt" (dragged-off) by the authorities. By 1938 he was "vermisst" (missing) and presumed dead.

The mother with her 4 sons moved west when the German Army retreated. The family managed to avoid repatriation back to the USSR, and then settled at Kämmerich/Malchin, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern.

This chapter in German Russian history has been mentioned several times in the literature.

  1. Heimatbuch - 1956, Landsmannschaft der Deutschen aus Russland. Raitelsberg Strasse 49, W-7000 Stuttgart-1, Bernd Reiss.

  2. "Gründung der deutschen Siedlungen im Gebiet Odessa und die Herkunft der Einwanderer," von Dr. K. Stumpp. Pages 5-20; see page 9.

  3. "Odessa und die deutschen Kolonisten" von Dr. K. Stumpp. Pages 21-39; see page 38.

  4. Volk auf dem Weg, April 1958, "Krontal" von Jakob Martinson. Landsmannschaft der Deutschen aus Russland.

  5. Translation of item 1 by Theodore Charles Wenzlaff in Heritage Review, No. 17, April 1977, pages 20-28; see page 25. Germans from Russia Heritage Society (GRHS) 1008 E. Central Ave, Bismarck, ND 58501.

  6. Translation of item 2 by J.M. Richey in Heritage Review, Vol. 21, No. 2, May 1991, pages 3-8. And in Heritage Review Vol. 21, No. 3, September 1991, pages 13-19; see page 18.

  7. Translation of item 4 by Dianne Ladd in GCRA Newsletter, Vol. 4, No. 1 1991, pages 5-6. Glückstal Colonies Research Association (GCRA) 611 Esplanade; Redondo Beach, California, 90277.
5 Sept 2001 In 1994 August Gienger of Bismarck who had lived in Neudorf told of 6 or more people being shot by the Germans. One of the victims was a Mr. Schlichter the brother of Katharina Schlichter Fälchle (born 1900).

Katharina lost her husband to the Communists in 1937, and she lost her brother to the Germans in 1942.

The cemetery on the next page is located in Grossplasten, Germany.

- e
- f
- g
These two pictures were taken in Germany in the fall of 1992.

  • (e) 12K4 Emil Fälchle, 10 Mar 1930 in Krontal. Father = Gotthilf, Sr.
Dorfstraße 36
17179 Kämmerich/Malchin
Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
Germany

  • (f) 1996. Gotthilf Fälchle, Jr., 26 Feb 1933 in Krontal. Father = Gotthilf, Sr.
Dorfstraße 3
17192 Groß Plasten
Waren-Müritz
Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
Germany

  • (g) 14K3 1992. Grave in Grossplasten. Obviously Gotthilf is not buried there.


- a
- b
- c
- d
TEMUSH

NE Kolkhoz.

  • (a) 38K16 Looking south to the NE Kolkhoz from Highway at NE corner of valley.
People said that there had been a cemetery near the trees to the south. They would not let us go see. They said that nothing remains to be seen.

I failed to ask if the cemetery had been German. I failed to ask if Germans had worked in this Kolkhoz. I failed!

I assumed that this was not a part Of the German village of Krontal.

From the village plan of Krontal I had the impression that the cemetery was on the west side of the valley.

The NE Kolkhoz does not appear on my maps.

These pictures were taken from the west shoulder and about in the middle of the valley.

  • (b) 38K18 Looking east across the valley. Shown are Alyosha #1 and his Lada car.
  • (c) 38K19 Looking SE across the valley.
  • (d) 38K17 Looking NE towards the NE Kolkhoz. Note the Highway and the power transmission tower. See 38K169, and 38K14, and 38K21.
I had mistakenly thought that the village of Krontal was located in this valley. We looked for the Krontal cemetery in this area. Found nothing.

It turns out that we were in the wrong location. Should have talked more with the natives!

The valley was pretty much devoid of buildings.


- a
- b
KHUTOR TEMUSH

These pictures were taken from the SW corner of the valley at about the location of Khutor Temush. See maps P305 & P346.

  • (a) 38K21 Looking NE. Shown is the NE Kolkhoz.
  • (b) 38K20 Looking east.
This area and the rest of the valley were pretty much devoid of structures.


- a
SHIPKA

Krontal is about 6 km west of Shipka.

  • (a) 38K12 Kolkhov Lenina.
This is located west of Selo Shipka, on the south side of the Highway.

Shown is Alexi #2 the translator.


- a
- b
- c
- d
- e
- f
- g
- h
- i
- j
- k
- l
- m
- o
- p
- q
- r
- s
- t
- u
- v
- w
- x
- y
- z
- A
- B
- C
- D
- E
VAKARSKIYE KHUTOR (Wakarskij Chutor, Wagarske, Wayarske)

47° 3.5' N × 29° 56.0' E.
6 km SW of Veseley Kut (Novo-Borisovka)

28 People in 1905; County of Tiraspol; Parish of Kassel.

30 Sept 1993: 23 occupied yards; 45 - 50 people; no children. Sort of a retirement community. Many people move to a city for the winter.

Most of the people have a large garden, a cow, and other animals. Grapes.

It is said that the name comes from "Vakari" = something similar to Cowboy.

The village is located on the ESE side of the Highway, and is about 1-1/2 km long.

There are actually two villages. The older one is called Vakarskiye Khutor #1. It is the SSW seetion. The newer one is called Vakarskiye Khutor #2. It is the NNE section. Khutor #2 had the name "Zheltie Khutor" but I found that name only on my map P307. The name "Zheltie" was mentioned by Ivan - one of the locals.

The Felchles and Erfles lived in Khutor #1. The Dockters and Kreins lived in Khutor #2.

  • (a) 37K16A "Schwengelbrunnen" There are many of these in Ukraine. Some are equipped with electric pumps.
  • (b) 37K15A My Friend the Red Bull. I didn't realize that it was a bull until I got closer and he got very sexually excited. I got out of there!
The Highway is on this side of the trees in both pictures.

References:

From Neudorf, Russia to the North Dakota Plains with Johann Dockter pp 108-111.
GCR-4/2, June 1991, pp 12-15.
GCR-5/1, June 1992, p 22.

Map P383.132 w/Glückstal.
Map P383.13 w/Novo Pet.
Map 347.4 w/Vakarskiye.
Map P299.4 w/Vakarskiye.
Map P307.4 w/Lenovka.
Map A02.1 w/Kassel.
Map P380 w/Tri-Krin Village Plan

  • (c) 36K35 House #39-Kutor #1. Ivan, Herb, & Nadeshda. Ivan was quite knowledgeable about the German Russians. Helpful.
  • (d) 37K11 House #32-Kutor #2. Herb, Alla, & Nikolay. We ate our lunch with them. Friendly and helpful. Looking NNE.
  • (e) 37K12 House #12-Kutor #1. Nikolay, Ludmila, & Sasha.
This had been an old German House that was re-worked. Brick facing was added.

Workmanship in Ukraine seems to be bad or good. Nothing in between(?).

Ludmila's husband, Boris, would not have his picture taken. I think he didn't trust us.

In the morning Boris & Ludmila were not friendly. We found out later that they thought we had come to reclaim our old homes. Their legend was that American Farmers had lived here and had returned to America. It was explained to them that the Farmers had been "German."

273380 Ukraine
Odessa Oblast
Velikaya Mikhalovka Raion
Kotovskogo Street.
Selo Vakarskiye

All the streets are named "Kotovskogo"!

Ivan Maglov, born 15 Feb 29, Nadeshda (Nadya) #39

Nikolay Stupayenko, Alla Ivanovna #32

Boris Lashchyenko, Ludmila #1

Aleksei Miroshnikov. I have him listed as in House #32(?). I don't know. Maybe he is "Sasha"(?).

  • (f) 36K12A Alyosha #1 and his Lada car. The driver. Tea! Alexi #2, the Translator. Both from Odessa.
  • (g) 37K19A Cutting hay on plateau between Vakarskiye and Tri-Krinitsy. It looked like about 4th cut alfalfa to me.
  • (h) 37K13A Grapes and wine are common.
Chronology: 1876(?) Ludwig Fälchle was jailed in Teplitz/Bessarabia for Baptist activity.

1877 Map P305 does not show Vakarskiye.
Ludwig Fälchle left Teplitz. To where?
David Erfle left Teplitz for Neu-Berlin.

1884 Jakob Müller born in Vakarskiye. The father of Lloyd, Goodrich ND, and the brother of John Miller.

1886(?) David Erfle, Jr. married Elisabeth Fälchle, daughter of Ludwig.

1887 Jakob Fälchle born, son of Ludwig

1889-90 The Neudorf people, Kreins, Dockters, etc., moved into Khutor #2.

1890(?) Johann Ahl married Siona Fälchle, daughter of Ludwig. In Vakarskiye???

1891 Katharina Fälchle, my mother, born 10 August in Vakarskiye, daughter of Ludwig.

1892 Johannes Fälchle married Magdelena Krein in Vakarskiye.

1894 Vakarskiye lease expired.

1894 On the 29th of March the Fälchles, Erfles, and Kramlichs arrived at New York. All from Vakarskiye(?).

My guess is that the Fälchles arrived at Vakarskiye in 1884(?). A 10 year lease would have expired in 1894.

  • (i) 37K11A House #12. Ludmila.
  • (j) 37K9A House #18.
  • (k) 37K8A House #18.
All in Khutor # 1.

Vakarskiye lies on the left (ESE) side of the valley. Earlier I had thought that the leased land of the Germans stretched along the length of the valley. Now I am not sure. We didn't ask.

There are large, broad fields on the plateau ESE of the valley. Likewise on the opposite side of the Highway.

Johann Dockter's description of the village as of 1890 is still pretty much valid for the village in 1993.

Ivan said that there had been a Church between the Highway and the village just NNE of the Tri-Krinitsy Road. Nothing remains in 1993.

He also said that the Germans were not buried at Vakarskiye, but were buried at Novo-Petrovka. See Novo-Petrovka. We did not explore the Vakarskiye area for German graves. Should have.

  • (l) 36K19A,21A Looking left. House #18. On Highway 200 Yds. SSW of Tri-Krinitsy Road. Khutor # 1.
  • (m) 36K20A,23A Looking right. House #12 and House #10.
  • (n) 36K27A-28A On Highway from SSW Hill, looking Left. Houses #18 and #12 on the right. Khutor # 1.
  • (o) 36K29A-30A On Highway at SSW End of Village. Looking Left. House #18.
  • (p) 37K10A Gate at Ludmila's House #12.
  • (q) 36K17A Note Hill on Road to Tri-Krinitsy. Viewed from Highway. I assumed that Khutor #1 was to the Right of Tri-Krinitsy Road(?)
  • (r) 36K25A ON Highway from SSW Hill. House #12 and House #10.
  • (s) 36K24A On Highway at SSW End of Village. House #4(?)
  • (t) 39K25A Ukranian Cemetery. (Kutor # 2) On opposite sidde of Highway from Vakarskiye.
  • (u) 37K3A Old German House, #18.
  • (v) 37K00A Kutor #1 is below and to the right. Looking SW from hill on Tri-Krinitsy Road.
  • (w) 37K5A Wall Remnant near #18.
  • (x) 36K15A Looking Left. On Highway at NNE end of town, just west of house #32.
  • (y) 36K14A Looking a little Left. House at left is Nikolay's #32. Orange Roof. On Highway at NNE end of town, just west of house #32.
  • (z) 36K16A Looking Right. Kutor # 2.
  • (A) 36K18A Looking Left. Kutor # 2. (see 37K1A)
  • (B) 37K1A Looking NW (see 36K18A) Note Highway. From hill on Tri-Krinitsy Road.
  • (C) 36K36A Looking North. Note Highway. From hill on Tri-Krinitsy Road.
  • (D) 37K2A Looking WNW. Note Higheay. Kutor # 2.
  • (E) 37K14A ESE of Bull and Well. Kutor # 2 (see 37K15A & 16A)


- a
- b
- c
Map P380
TRI KRINITSY (Drei Brunnental)

47° 3' N × 29° 59' E.

Map P383.13 w/Nova Pet.
Map P347.4 w/ Vakarskiye.
Map P299.4 w/ Vakarskiye.
Map A02.1 w/ Kassel.
Map P383.132 w/ Glückstal.
PLAN P380 IN BACK

In the book from Neudorf, Russia to the North Dakota Plains Johann Dockter writes that the village of "Drei Brunnental" is just east of Vakarskiye.

My mother, Katharina Felchle was born in Vakarskiye on 10 August 1891.

The local people confirmed that Tri Krinitsy was the same as Drei Brunnental.

They also said that one of the wells was still in use.

  • (a) 37K22A Old Well. Looking North.
  • (b) 37K21A Old Building. NE corner of town.
  • (c) 37K18A Hay Making.
The 2 people were making hay on the plateau between Tri Krinitsy and Vakarskiye. It looked like about 4th-cut alfalfa to me(?).

Thursday, 30 Sept. 1993. We did not talk to the people except to say we were from the USA and would like to take some pictures.


- a
- b
- c
VESSELEY KUT

NOVO BORISOVKA

47° 6.3' N × 29° 59.3' E.

Map P383.13 w/Novo Pet.
Map P383.132 w/Glückstal.
Map P347.4 w/Vakarskiye.
Map P299.4 w/Vakarskiye.
Map A02.1 w/Kassel.

R.R. car and crushed rock are in lower half of 39K11A.

Vesseley Kut is a busy R.R. Center. Grain Elevators.

The Felchles, Krammlichs, Erfles, and possibly others boarded the train here in March 1894 for Bremen. They had lived in Vakarskiye.

There are a number of German settlements in or near Vesseley Kut:
Michelstal is shown about 1 km west of V.K. on maps P288 & P307. But StumunpIs map (A02.1) shows it SSE of V.K. Stumpp also shows it as Catholic, others show it as Protestant.

Chutor Welter might be the same as Michelstal(?).

Colony Vesseley Kut is shown on P307, 2.5 km SE of V.K.

Lenovka is said to be the name of the "Kolkhoznaya" area in V.K. See Matskuly.

We were not able to locate Michaelstal, Welter, or Colony Vesseley Kut.

Lenovka might be the same Michelstal(?).

HdR, 1956, p 192 gives in VK 40 people in 1918, 201 people in 1943.

Leibbrandt gives 40 people in Michelstal in 1905.

See Lenovka & Matskuly.

V.K. is a fairly large city.

Saturday, 2 Oct. 1993.


MASKALOV CHUTOR

I have not been able to find Maskalov. Since Michelstal is in or near to Veseley Kut, Maskalov must be in the vicinity.

Maskalov might be a good bet to be the same as Matzke(?).

Maskalov might be the same as Matskuly.

Matriona was an ethnic-German, but she no longer spoke German. At least not with me. She married a Ukrainian. Her daughter lives about 4 blocks away. The area is rolling hills.

There is a "Matka" river about 12 km west of Vessely Kut. Does this have a connection with Matzke?


- a
MATSKULY (Matzculy)

47° 7' N × 29° 56' E.
5 km NW of Veseley Kut.

Map P383.13 w/Nova Pet.
Map P383.132 w/Glückstal.
Map P347.4 w/Vakarskiye.
Map P299.4 w/Vakarskiye.
Map A02.1 w/Kassel.

  • (a) 39K17A Matriona's Home. Lubov Aleksandrovna Tukhtiy. Born 1956 in Matskuly. Father's name = ?? Mother = Matriona.
Matriona Jacubovna
Father = Jakob Schwindt.
Mother = Julia ???
Born 1908 in Lenovka(?).

Saturday, 2 Oct. 1993. 273 Ukraine, Odessa Oblast
Velikaya Mikhalova Raion
Selo Matskuly

Matriona said that Lenovka was the same as the "Kolkhoznaya" area in Veseley Kut. See Vesseley Kut and Lenovka.

Matriona also mentioned Novo Pavlovka. I do not remember in what context. Novo Pavlovka is 6 km NNW of Veseley K.

Matriona said that Matskuly never had been a German village.

There is a Kolkhoz there. They had red cattle. The cattle had short horns, about 7-1/2" long. Medium size udders.


MATZKE

In the book from Neudorf, Russia to the North Dakota Plains Johann Dockter writes that he took Mother Felchle and the girls to "Matzke!" (p 111).

This most likely was my Grandmother,and her children. I have not been able to find "Matzke." I believe that it must have been close to Veseley Kut because that is where they caught the train for Bremen.

Matskuly was a possibility but since that village was non-German(?) the odds are against it.


- a
- b
- c
LENOVKA (Kolkhoznaya)

  • (a) 39K14A German House.
  • (b) 39K16A
  • (c) 39K15A
When we were in Vesseley Kut we looked for the German settlements of Michelstal, Welter Chutor, and Colony Veseley Kut. The local people kept directing us to the street called "Kolkhoznaya." We found "Kolkhoznaya," but did not find the other German settlements.

I think that "Kolkhoznaya" is west of the R.R. station and might(?) be the same as Michelstal(?).

When we were in Matskuly, Matriona said that she was born in Lenovka and that this was the same as "Kolkhoznaya" in Veseley Kut.

See Veseley Kut.
See Matskuly.

We found that the larger the village, or city, the harder it was to get good information.

We also looked for Matzke in the Veseley Kut area. Did not find it.

Saturday, 2 Oct. 1993

Map P307.4 on back.
Map P288.1 w/Veseley Kut


- a
- b
TYATRA (Tyatri, Tjatra, Chiatr, Klein-Glückstal, Neu-Glückstal)

47° 5.3' N × 29° 54.5' E.

  • (a) 39K18A Anna born in 1915. Stankevich, Vladimir Antonvich born in 1911.
  • (b) 39K22A Looking NNE from NE corner of Cemetery. Road to left thru village is north toward Matskuly.
Cemetery is located at the SW shoulder of the valley.

We found no evidence of German graves. Cemetery is Ukrainian.

Vladimir said that his family was the only non-Germans living here in the old days.

Grapes had been grown here.

Saturday, 2 Oct. 1993.

Vladimir remembered the following names: Shefer, Bolinger, Gainer, and Elzesser.

273370 Ukraine
Odessa Oblast
Velikaya Mikhalovka Raion
Selo Tyatra

John Kiest's wife from Germany visited here in 1993. Who is she? Ed Felchle, Goodrich, ND, married Tillie Kiest. Any connection?

Map P383.132 w/Glückstal.
Map P383.13 w/Novo Pet.
Map P347.4 w/Vakarskiye.
Map P299.4 w/Vakarskiye.
Map P307.4 w/Lenovka.
Map A02.1 w/Kassel.

Located 6 km WSW of Veseley Kut. Area of rolling hills.

Pictures from NW corner of Cemetery.

  • (c) 39K19A-21A Looking North to East. Road to the left is west toward Vel. Mikhalovka. Road thru village is north toward Matskuly. Road at upper-right is east toward Veseley Kut(?). Center-right is a Kolkhoz.
HdR, 1956, p 186 gives 368 people in 1943 for Klein-Glückstal (Tjatra).

Sallet does not list Klein-Glückstal. For Neu-Glückstal, p 133, gives 234 people in 1914; founded 1889. 914 x 2-7 = 2,468 acres. District of Malojesch. I am not sure that this Tyatra.

Leibbrandt gives for Klein-Glückstal (Woltschanow; Woltschij; Neu-Glückstal) Wolost Malojesch. 230 people in 1919. I am not sure that this is Tyatra.


- a
- b
- c
- d
- e
- f
- g
- h
- i
- j
- k
- l
HOFFNUNGSTAL/ODESSA (Tsyebrikovo, Zebrikowo)

47° 09' N × 30° 06' E.
88 km NW of Odessa.
C-5 on map A02.

Founded 1817.
2,552 people in 1943.
4,615 x 2.7 = 12,460 Acres.

See map P383.13
See map P302 located with Neu-Beresina.

References:

Leibbrandt: Hoffnungstal Und Seine Schwaben 1956. HdR, pages 39-47. HHS, 90; 361-366; 201-206. HR, 10/3 12-14. HR, 10/4 11. SB, #4, 1975, 7-14.

  • (a) 39K26A Road from Novo-Borisovka. Looking NE.
  • (b) 39K27A Old German(?) Church. Now Russian Ortho. Located in the North(?) part of town. On the West side of main street. Located just NW of the House of Culture.
  • (c) 39K29A House of Culture.
Sunday, 3 Oct. 1993.

  • (d) 40K2A Hier ruhet in Gott Christian Friedrich Metzger geb. d. 17 Mai 1827 gest. d. 28 Jan. 1894
Sunday, 3 Oct. 1993, Hoffnungstal/Odessa
  • (e) 39K34A Hier ruht in Gott Gottlieb Metzger geb. d. 16 ??? 1869 gest. d. 25 Dez. 1908 (See 39K35A)
  • (f) 39K36A Joh. Heinrich Bamesberge geb. d. 1(?) April 1833 gest. d. 14ten Juni 1907
  • (g) 39K32A The Ukrainian Cemetery is located in the NE part of town. The old German Cemetery is just West of the Ukrainian Cemetery. There are many bases and stones, but only a few inscriptions.
  • (h) 39K35A Herb Poppke on stone.
Hoffnungstal/Odessa, Sunday, 3 Oct. 1993.
  • (i) 39K30A Looking ENE towards Ukrainian Cemetery.
  • (j) 40K3A Jakob Keller geb. 19 November 1835 gest. 5 Oktober 1891
Sunday, 3 Oct. 1993, Hoffnungstal/Odessa
  • (k) 40K1A Eva Krauss geb. Keller geb. den 12 August 1831 gest. den 12 Juli 1877
  • (l) 40K0A Hier ruhet in Gott Christoph Fischer geboren den 5 November 1831 Gestorben den 16 December 1901


- a
- b
NEU-GLÜCKSTAL/ODESSA (Tsibulyevka, Zibuljewka)

Founded in 1860.
785 people in 1943
2,746 x 2.7 - 7,414 Acres.
8 km SE of Hoffnungstal.
C-5 on map A02.

See map P383.13 w/Novo Pet.
See map P302 located with Neu-Beresina.

  • (a) 40K9A Herb Poppke pressing grapes.
  • (b) 40K10A
273376 Ukraine
Odessa Oblast
Velikaya Mikhalovka Raion
Selo Tsibulyevka
Kuybishyeva Street 16

Dovzhyenko, Nikolay Ilich (b 1929)

Sunday, 3 Oct. 1993.


- a
- b
KLEIN-HOFFNUNGSTAL/ODESSA (Malotsyebrikovo, Maloje Zebrikowa, Schepsa Chutor)

Founded in 1922.
138 People in 1943.
5 km SE of Hoffnungstal.
C-5 on map A02.

See map P383.13 w/Novo Pet.
See map P302 located with Neu-Beresina.

  • (a) 40K8A Family.
  • (b) 40K7A Looking North.
Sunday, Oct. 3, 1993.


- a
- b
NEU-BERESINA/ODESSA (Malozimyenovo, Malaja Siminowo)

Founded in 1865.
333 People in 1943.
1,439 x 2.7 - 3,885 Acres.
13 km SE of Hoffnungstal.
C-5 on map A02.

See map P3B3.13 w/Novo Pet.
See map P302 on next page.

  • (a) 40K12A Looking North.
  • (b) 40K11A Franya, Anya, Mariya, Baby Karina.
273376 Ukraine
Odessa Oblast
Velikaya Mikhalovka Raion
Selo Malo Zimyenovo
Ryechnaya Street 49

Somar, Mariya Yakovlyevna (b 1930)

Sunday, 3 Oct. 1993.


GRHS Home Page